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Consider Robert Lynd as an essayist with reference to his essay, 'Seaside'.

Q.2. Consider Robert Lynd as an essayist with reference to his essay, 'Seaside'.

Ans. Robert Lynd is a gifted essayist. He like Stevenson, Lucas and Chesterton carries on the tradition of the personal essay made popular in the nineteenth century by Charles Lamb and Hazlitt. He follows the same confidential manner, the same urbanity and whimsicality of style. He takes for his subject anything and everything under the sun and makes it tremendous by whimsical exaggerations and wide reflections. Lynd builds his .says out of mere trifles and makes them the occasion of powerful criticism of life. In his manner and outlook, he cultivates the manner of Stevenson. Buthis style is simpler and less elaborate than that of Stevenson. It is also free from mannerisms that characterise the essays of R. I. Stevenson. 

Robert Lynd's essay Seaside represents his characteristic features as an essayist. The subject of the essay is the seaside scenes. He sees butterflies rising from the sands, black and red bees living among the blue flowers of the sea-holly. Men and women and children moving about like pretty insects and engaged in various activities. They fly kit., play football, cricket and tennis. Children are as much active as elderly people. The author also feels like playing cricket like Ivlead or Woolley. There are shrimpers svho catch shrimps by wading up to their waists and their shirmps would not fetch a penny a dozen. Children are also engaged in shrimping, digging and fishing. These are simple innocent amusements for them. Elderly people try to get innocent pleasures. One man turns out pies from the bucket for the amusement of a child. The child slaps the pie into ruin. Another elderly man wants to do a lot of exercise by walking briskly on the beach. But the child accompanying him pauses at every shell he comes a ross. There are bathers in the sea. Rescuers are there with their shrill trumpets to be blown on seeing any dangers from theses. They would not allow bathers to go out further in the sea ; they would not allow even children to remain on the sands especially on a day of wind and waves. The author finds plelsure in sitting down in two feet of water or bathing lazily in the shallow water. The trumpets of rescuers meant for daring swimmers do not disturb the author. 

The essay is primarily about seaside scenes. The description of the scenes is carried on in lucid and simple style. There are meticulous details about butterflies, bees and larks that hover on the beach. "Banks of rest-harrow, of hearts-ease and fields of evening primroses a thousand lamps at a time towards twilight." The descriptions about the kite-fliers show the author's skill in minute observations. Kite-flying for the children is a pastime ; for the elderly people it is a pursuit. Children play for fun and pleasure ; elderly people play for exercise. Like Stevenson, he suggests that only philosophers praise idleness. The teas pitched on the beach are the centres of intense activities. People come to the beach not for idle spending of the hours, but for exercise and activities. They play games. Again, like Stevenson, the author pauses in the narrative and makes a whimsical reflection "the round ball is the symbol of perfection." 

Shrimpers catch shrimps for money. Children catch shrimps for amusements. They build castles and towns on the sands. A father holds out a pie on a spade and child sweeps the pie to ruin. The father is happy with the child's courage. Another man wants a brisk walk on the beach, but he is thwarted at every step by his child who pauses at every shell he comes across. The father tries to draw away the child's attention from the shell in various ways. Thus the author shows trifling scenes common on the sea-shore in a few attractive vignettes. Then again Ile indulges in a bit of reflection ; "Two, I think, is the serious age." 

Lynd's short sketches are brilliant. He shows with some bold strokes the peculiar behaviours of children and elderly people on the sea shore. lie brings out the characteristic peculiarities of bathers and rescuers. "One lady motors down to the front in a bathing costume and trips across the sand under a seven•coloured parasol, with a maid and a can of water waiting to wash the sand off when she returns out of the sea to the bathing box." Rescuers "are sterner than school masters even with the oldest of us." The author indicates his preference for rolling about in the breaking waves after a storm and in the shallows lazily without being disturbed by the trumpets of the rescuers. 

There are many archaic colloquial expressions and French quotations which add to the confidential tone and richness of style. He uses Plage for beach, smweteurs for rescuers and Frech quotation to mean "here you are, sir, you are being served with the icing on." He uses words like wigwans (North America Indian word for tent), fandangoes (lively Spanish dance) etc. Mead or Woolley were famous cricketers of England of the author's time. The rescuers who gesture to the boys to come back to safety are humorously compared to Captain Ahab's crew looking out for Moby Dick to rise out of the waters. There are humorous touches dial make the style lively : "Happy is the father whose child finds his attempts to amuse it amusing t" "Poor man, he is evidently longing fora little exercise, and his infant will not advance above a yard in five minutes.

The essay is, indeed, brilliant with its brisk narration, its meticulous details on the seaside, is humorous touches and whimsical reflections. The style is all through lucid and delicate and is never cumbered with allusions and promposity.